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Understanding Wheelchair Maneuvering

The ADA standards address access for those using various mobility aids with a set of prescribed maneuvering clearances, reach ranges, and floor surfaces. Some provisions are best understood in relation to the use of wheelchairs and powered devices. In an effort to help clarify the standards, the United State Access Board has created an animated video (below) that explains them in context and why they are important in creating an accessible environment.

 

For more information on this and other standards, please visit the Guide to the ADA Standards section of the United State Access Board website.

Understanding Accessible Maneuvering Clearances at Doors

Understanding maneuvering clearances required by ADA standards are critically important to ensuring people with disabilities can truly access the built environments around them. Maneuvering clearances at doors, doorways, and gates need to provide enough space for people using wheelchairs, walkers, and other mobility aids, to open and proceed through them. In an effort to help clarify the standards, the United State Access Board has created an animated video (below) that explains them in context and why they are important in creating an accessible environment.

 

For more information on this and other standards, please visit the Guide to the ADA Standards section of the United State Access Board website.

ADA 101 – Rear Wall Grab Bar at Water Closets

ADA 101 info graphic with ADAS 2010 section 604.5.2 code text and example pictures 2010 ADAS 604.5.2 Rear Grab Bar at Water Closets

The rear wall grab bar shall be 36 inches long minimum and extend from the centerline of the water closet 12 inches minimum on one side and 24 inches minimum on the other side.

Code according to 2010 ADAS. Check your state’s accessibility laws. Some states such as California, Georgia and Florida have additional requirements and standards.

ADA 101 – Accessible Routes Within a Site

ADA 101 info graphic with ADAS 2010 section 206.2.2 code text and example pictures 2010 ADAS 206.2.2 Accessible Routes Within a Site

At least one accessible route shall connect accessible buildings, accessible facilities, accessible elements, and accessible spaces that are on the same site.

Code according to 2010 ADAS. Check your state’s accessibility laws. Some states such as California, Georgia and Florida have additional requirements and standards.

ADA 101 – Wheelchair Accessible Toilet Compartment Doors

ADA 101 info graphic with ADAS 2010 section 604.8.1.2 code text and example pictures 2010 ADAS 604.8.1.2 Wheelchair Accessible Toilet Compartment Doors

Toilet compartment doors, including door hardware, shall comply with 404 except that if the approach is to the latch side of the compartment door, clearance between the door side of the compartment and any obstruction shall be 42 inches minimum. Doors shall be located in the front partition or in the side wall or partition farthest from the water closet. Where located in the front partition, the door opening shall be 4 inches maximum from the side wall or partition farthest from the water closet. Where located in the side wall or partition, the door opening shall be 4 inches maximum from the front partition. The door shall be self-closing. A door pull complying with 404.2.7 shall be placed on both sides of the door near the latch. Toilet compartment doors shall not swing into the minimum required compartment area.

Code according to 2010 ADAS. Check your state’s accessibility laws. Some states such as California, Georgia and Florida have additional requirements and standards.

ADA 101 – Wheelchair Accessible Toilet Compartment

ADA 101 info graphic with ADAS 2010 section 604.8.1.1 code text and example pictures 2010 ADAS 604.8.1.1 Wheelchair Accessible Toilet Compartment

Wheelchair accessible compartments shall be 60 inches wide minimum measured perpendicular to the side wall, and 56 inches deep minimum for wall hung water closets and 59 inches deep minimum for floor mounted water closets measured perpendicular to the rear wall. Wheelchair accessible compartments for children’s use shall be 60 inches wide minimum measured perpendicular to the side wall, and 59 inches deep minimum for wall hung and floor mounted water closets measured perpendicular to the rear wall.

Advisory: The minimum space required in toilet compartments is provided so that a person using a wheelchair can maneuver into position at the water closet. This space cannot be obstructed by baby changing tables or other fixtures or conveniences, except as specified at 604.3.2 (Overlap). If toilet compartments are to be used to house fixtures other than those associated with the water closet, they must be designed to exceed the minimum space requirements. Convenience fixtures such as baby changing tables must also be accessible to people with disabilities as well as to other users. Toilet compartments that are designed to meet, and not exceed, the minimum space requirements may not provide adequate space for maneuvering into position at a baby changing table.

Code according to 2010 ADAS. Check your state’s accessibility laws. Some states such as California, Georgia and Florida have additional requirements and standards.

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